About her
Golden section
Gallery 1

                                                        Rij Rousseau

Born in 1870 as Jeanne Caffier in Cande (Anjou). Important French cubist painter and philosopher.

Rij Rousseau arrived in Paris 1890. She became involved with a circle of artists which included Signac, Serusier, Vuillard and Denis.

Her approach to painting was based on her development of a complete scheme for each work, based on scientific principles of color, light, and geometry, even before starting. She was interested in the visual phenomenon of “color wave vibrations” which would be the counterpart to sound waves in music. She called this “vibrisme”.

This concept would be very important to the work of the Futurists, especially Le Fresnay, Delaunay , and Jacques Villon.

She continued to experiment with practical applications of this theory in the first decade of the twentieth century, through Cubism; and greatly influenced the thought of her friends,

Juan Gris, Georges Braque, and Fernand Leger .

She exhibited regularly from 1910 through the late 1930s.

Rij Rousseau died in 1956 in Savigny sur Braye, France.



Paintings of Rij Rousseau in museums




We found a lot of documents about Rij Rousseau. Some documents are in French, other in German. At the moment we don’t have the time for translation. Please, have some patience.  Here you can find these documents in their original language:


Barry Friedman Ltd New York: Jeanne Rij Rousseau. (English)

Sotheby’s London. Impressionist and Modern Paintings, Drawings, Watercolours and Sculpture. 24.05.1989. (English)

Sotheby’s Arcade New York. Modern and Contempory Art. 10.10.1996. (English)


Elga Kern : Major women of Europe. Munich 1930, p.127-129. ( 30 famous women.  Rij Rousseau and Colette are standing in for France) (English) (German) (French)


E. Benezit: Dictionnaire des peintres, dessinateurs et graveurs. Nouvelle Edition Jacques Busse. Gründ 1999, Tome 11, p.706  (French)

About Rij Rousseau.   Francoise Lucbert in: Golden section 1912 1920 1925. Paris 2000 (French)


Andre Salmon: Rij Rousseau. Exhibition in Paris 1924. Galerie T.Carmine. (French)  (German)

Berthe Dangennnes: Rij Rousseau. Exhibition in Paris 1924. Galerie T.Carmine. (French) (German)


La Renaissance April 1928 p.161 (Le tapis moderne) (French/English)

Article in a french encyclopedia about modern painters: Edouard Joseph, 1934. (French)

La Renaissance   July 1928  p.317 (Galerie Bernheim jeune)


Article in a german encyclopedia about modern painters: Hans Vollmer. Künstlerlexikon des 20. Jahrhunderts. Leipzig 1958. 4.Band Q-U, p.69 (German)

Ellen Thormann: Tamara de Lempicka. Kunstkritik und Künstlerinnen in Paris. Berlin 1993, S.106  (German)


Introduction: Catalog of the exhibition in the castle of Blois 1959.     (French)    (German)      (English)

Huguette Ringuenet. Conservateur des Musee de Blois. 1959. (French) (German)

Article in the newspaper about an exhibition in Paris 1958.  (French)  (German)

Guy Pogu about Rij Rousseau and the vibrisme 1958  (French) (German)

Guy Pogy, letter handwritten, addressee unknown (French/German)

Jean Sutter , Introduction. Dans: Guy Pogu about Rij Rousseau and the vibrisme, 1958 (French)  (German)


Florent Fels, La Section d’Or, Selection. Chronique de la vie artistique. Nr.5 1920.  (French)

Florent Fels, Expositions-Article: Femmes peintres, Rij Rousseau, Marc Chagall, Angiboult, Heuze, Hermine David.   L’Art Vivant Revue, Nr.1 janvier 1925, p.19        (French)

Jean Metzinger,  letter to Rij-Rousseau handwritten. (French/German)

Revue Montparnasse Nr.27, 1923 and Nr.30,31,32,33,36, 1924

La Renaissance  May 1929, p.266/267  (Galerie d’art du Montparnasse)


Susan Day: Art Deco and Modernist carpets. San Francisco 2002, p.16


L’Art Vivant, Nr.6 , 20 Mars 1925 (1.Annee): Le Salon des Independants, p.19

L’Art Vivant, Nr. 19 , 1 Octobre 1925 (1.Annee): Le Salon d’Automne, p.6 and 13

Le Crapouillot, May 1928, Le salon des Tuileries, p.41

Le Crapouillot, 1.10.1925, Le salon d’automne, p.23


Rij Rousseau: A letter addressed to Leonce Rosenberg, 22.09.1925. Bibliotheque Kandinsky. Centre de documentation et de recherche du Musee national d’art moderne, Paris                                                                                                                 A letter, hand-written, signed, dated, in French. She reminds of her carpet and wallpapers exhibition in the Salon des Arts decoratifs and her preparations for the Salon d’Automne.

Letter of Elga Kern addressed to Rij Rousseau. 2 sides handwritten in French. Mannheim, January 5th, 1931. Schleiermacherstr.5      private collection                  (French/German)


Berdj Achdjian: “La ville” a tapestry made by   Rij-Rousseau.  28.11.2008 (French)


“Le Lecteur”was shown in the news in all cinemas in Paris in 1923. Gaumont Pathe Archives (French)

Catalog of the exhibition Rij-Rousseau Paris 1924 Gallery T. Carmine (French)


Paul Varnell. Chicago Free Press. About Rij-Rousseau. Nov.2008 (English)

Art Deco: Architects & Designers: architecturaldigest.com (English)

Hamburger Abendblatt  Nr.73 vom 27.03.1958, p.11 (German)


« Eve ». Journal féminin illustré du dimanche. Huitième année. No 376.   11. Décembre 1927, p.5  (French)

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